Webpack configuration for multiple environments : different ways

with 3 comments

I had searched much on direct & easy ways of webpack configuration for multiple environments. I was not able to find a straight forward article and hence I’m writing about it.

To configure webpack manually for multiple environments (say dev/prod), we can do it in the following ways,

  1. Configure in a single file
  2. Configure in multiple files

Below is the difference between the both,

Single File Configuration Multi File Configuration
 When to use?  can be used when only few
config properties
between env differ.
 can be used when most of the
config properties
between env differ.
No of config files single file for all env
eg: webpack.config.js
 mutiple files used.
One file for each env.
eg: dev.js, prod.js
config definition config declared as function
& env is passed
2.a) config declared as obj
2.b). config declared as fn -official link
(script command)
 webpack –env= <env> 2.a) webpack –config=<filepath/filename>
2.b) webpack –env= <env>
Disadvantage code-cluttering increases
with increase in different values for
same config properties across env.
 repeatability of common env
config properties across files.

Therefore based on one’s project scope and need, one can choose which approach to go with.

Approach 1: Single File Configuration:


Note: config is declared as a function with environment param.

Add the below in the scripts section,


In the above command, --env tag passes environment as ‘development’ / ‘production’ to webpack’s config function.

Approach 2: Multi File Configuration:
Here separate files are created for each environment.

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

Note: Here config is declared as an object.

Approach 2.a) package.json:


In the above command, --config refers to the config-file-path .
Default file path is webpack.config.js or webpackfile.js

Other approaches:

  • Approach 2.b) Invoke respective env files from webpack.config.js as given in official link (Manual way)
    • webpack.config.js: Here config is declared as function. Respective env config files are invoked based on env.
    • package.json: webpack --env = <env>


  •  Automatic configuration for production: webpack -p . Official link

Written by thangaveluaishwarya

April 17, 2017 at 10:28 AM

3 Responses

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  1. It was be nice to have all these examples in git or any repo for readers to clone and try it out.
    I didn’t find this kind of write up even on the official blog site.


    April 17, 2017 at 6:26 PM

  2. Nice article👍
    Thanks for putting up in a blog


    April 22, 2017 at 7:27 AM

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